gold mining on the witwatersrand

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the ...

On the other hand, Durand (2012) assessed the impacts of gold mining in the Witwatersrand on the rivers and karst system of the Gauteng and North West provinces, South Africa. However, to devise ...

Discovery of the Gold in 1884 | South African History Online

Discovery of the Gold in 1884 The first recorded discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand was made by Jan Gerrit Bantjes in June 1884, on the farm Vogelstruisfontein, and was followed soon thereafter, in September, by the Struben brothers who uncovered the Confidence Reef on the farm Wilgespruit, near present-day Roodepoort.

Benchmarks: October 11, 1899: Second Boer War begins ...

2021-4-17 · The 1886 discovery of gold on a farm in the Witwatersrand region of southern Africa drove the growth of Johannesburg, and gold mining has aided the South African economy for more than a century since. But gold, and diamonds, also fueled the Second Boer War, one of the most destructive armed conflicts in Africa''s history.

three decades of gold mining on the Witwatersrand. This ...

Gold-Mining Industry, 1895-1918," in The Economic History Review, Second Series Vol. XXXVII (3), 1984, provides an important position paper of the state of contemporary research and debate on the structure of the gold mining industry, and of South African mining…

The life, death and revival of the central Rand Goldfied

2009-11-20 · Remarkably, the Witwatersrand Gold Field probably still contains about 35 000 tons of gold or almost 45 per cent of the world''s known gold resources. This resource is still six times that of the resource contained in the world''s second largest gold field. Challenges, however, face the gold mining industry with most of the gold resource ...

Gold Mining On The Witwatersrand (2 Vols In One) (1941 ...

A very heavy book (2.2 kg) The author, the De Beers professor of Mining Engineering and Surveying in the University of the Witwatersrand and consultant to the Transvaal Chamber of Mines, was a member of the well-known Jeppe family of Johannesburg which gave its name to the Jeppe reef, Jeppe station, Jeppe suburb and three Jeppe schools

Deep

Deep-level gold mining on the Witwatersrand 1886 onwards Why is gold valuable? Gold was discovered deep under the ground in a place in South Africa called Witwatersrand in 1886. Gold is valuable because it is scarce. It shines brilliantly when polished; Is beautiful to look at; Is used in everyday life for all sort of things; Is hard to find; Does not rust; Is indestructible Conducts ...

Cradle Gold. A High Margin, Shallow Resource Focused Gold ...

2019-9-20 · Well over 100 years of mining in the Witwatersrand Gold Basin has resulted in well understood ore bodies. A High Upside Producer 60,000 oz per annum near term production growing to 200,000 oz per annum from existing resources.

HISTORY

2020-5-20 · THE DISCOVERY AND MINING OF DEEP-LEVEL GOLD ON THE WITWATERSRAND Gold was first discovered in South Africa in 1886 at Langlaagte, in an area then called the Transvaal. Although gold had been used by indigenous people in southern Africa for centuries, gold reserves had always been very small and ran out quickly. The discovery of

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the ...

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the rivers and karst system of Gauteng and North West Province, South Africa (English) ... Multi-element association analysis of stream sediment geochemistry data for predicting gold deposits in Barramiya gold mine, Eastern Desert, Egypt.

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the ...

The dewatering and rewatering of the karstic aquifer overlying and adjacent to the Witwatersrand Supergroup and the pollution caused by Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) are some of the most serious consequences of gold mining in South Africa and will affect the lives of many South Africans.

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the ...

Gold has been mined from auriferous layers along the Witwatersrand Basin since its discovery in 1886 (Durand, 2012). Acid mine drainage is produced from the biological and chemical reactions when...

(PDF) Mining Seismicity in the Witwatersrand Basin ...

The Kaapvaal Craton in South Africa hosts one of the largest gold placer deposits in the world. Mining in the Witwatersrand Basin here has been the source of about one third to one half of the ...

Mine water management in the Witwatersrand Gold …

2018-12-9 · Flooding of the underground mine workings, representing more than 120 years of mining in the Witwatersrand Gold Field, culminated in the decant of AMD from the smallest basin, the Western Basin, in late-August 2002. Flooding commenced when the last mine

Largest Gold Deposits in the World – Witwatersrand Gold ...

2018-12-9 · Flooding of the underground mine workings, representing more than 120 years of mining in the Witwatersrand Gold Field, culminated in the decant of AMD from the smallest basin, the Western Basin, in late-August 2002. Flooding commenced when the last mine

The Discovery of Gold on the Witwatersrand

2019-5-27 · Gold changed the character of the Transvaal. The discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand in 1886 led to a series of events which changed the character of the young Boer republic and changed forever the economic and political relations between …

West Wits Mining Limited restates gold resource following ...

2021-7-26 · West Wits Mining Limited''s (ASX:WWI) Jac van Heerden speaks to Proactive''s Andrew Scott after announcing they''ve grown the gold resource at the Witwatersrand …

Geology of the Witwatersrand Gold Field | Nature

The results of this survey are shown on an excellent map (Geological Map of the Witwatersrand Gold Field, 3 sheets, 1917) on the scale of 1 to 5000, or almost an inch to the mile.

All That Glitters

The gold mining on the Witwatersrand had to soon evolve. The gold that was mined was very near to the surface of the ground. As with the diamond mining in Kimberley, the first stage of gold mining took the form of outcrop harvesting. Under the supervision of a prospector, labourers would dig up the ground with picks and shovels in order to ...

Witwatersrand Gold Deposits

2018-2-13 · Witwatersrand gold reefs Mining Method: As I mentioned earlier the gold is predominantly hosted in 20 to 30 cm thick conglomerate units that dip towards the center of the basin at 20 to 42° the reefs obviously cannot be mined to this narrow width and …

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the ...

2012-6-15 · William Knight registered the first mining company on the Witwatersrand, the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company, in September 1886. Goch founded the George Goch Gold Mining Company in 1886 and the Wemmer Gold Mining Company in 1887. Rudd and Rhodes floated the company Gold Fields of South Africa Limited on 9 February 1887.

The Witwatersrand Basin and Its Gold Deposits | SpringerLink

2019-2-21 · Mineral Petrol 66:55–81 CrossRef Google Scholar. Frimmel HE, Minter WEL (2002) Recent developments concerning the geological history and genesis of the Witwatersrand gold deposits, South Africa. In: Goldfarb RJ, Nielsen RL (eds) Integrated methods for discovery: global exploration in the twenty-first century.

Subject 4 (Term 2): Gold Mining in the Witwatersrand ...

2020-6-1 · Subject 4 (Term 2): Gold Mining in the Witwatersrand Question 1: Excavation of Gold Study the diagram below and answer the questions that follow: 1.1 Explain the process of gold mining by referencing to the diagram above. (5) 1.2 South Africa had the largest gold deposits in the world. Where was the gold located? (3)

The Early History of the Witwatersrand Gold Mining …

1980-6-1 · The Early History of the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company The Early History of the Witwatersrand Gold Mining Company WEBB, A. C. M. 1980-06-01 00:00:00 stamp and transfer dues. It was only five years after the opening of the field, in an annexure to Law No. 10 of 1891, that companies were required to submit returns of production and operations to the authorities.

Chinese Indentured Mine Labour and the Dangers …

2015-3-25 · Chinese Indentured Mine Labour and the Dangers Associated with Early 20th Century Deep-level Mining on the Witwatersrand Gold Mines, South Africa. A. Meyer, Corresponding Author. Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa ...

The Witwatersrand Gold Field

these complexities, each of the mining regions of the Witwatersrand is distinct in its structural features, gold resources, and mining conditions. MINING REGIONS Of the 469 million ounces of fine gold produced on the Witwatersrand from I887 until the close Of I949,8 the Central Rand, which dominated production until I923, contributed 49.4 per cent.

v116n3a10 Trends in productivity in the South African …

2016-4-29 · intensive gold mining sector. In addition to energy costs, the costs of other major inputs to the mining process have been escalating. Gold mining in South Africa started more than a century ago in the Witwatersrand goldfields. Most of the high-grade gold deposits have been exhausted and mines now exploit lower grades.

The viability of using the Witwatersrand gold mine ...

2015-5-8 · The Witwatersrand Basin is the heart of South Africa''a gold mining industry. The cluster of gold mines located in the Witwatersrand Basin generates a significant amount of mine tailings, which have adverse effects on the environment and ecological systems. …

Witwatersrand Nigel Gold Mine Near Springs, South Africa ...

The Witwatersrand Nigel Gold Mine is near Springs, South Africa. The Witwatersrand Nigel Gold Mine is a underground mining operation. Initial production took place in 1940 and overall output was considered to be medium size. Mine operations consist of 2 distinct underground workings. There …

Witwatersrand Gold Deposits

2018-2-13 · Firstly there is too much gold in the Witwatersrand basin to call on an eroded greenstone terrain as a sole source. Secondly the central Rand group was deposited …

Witwatersrand Basin Project – WEST WITS MINING

2021-7-23 · Witwatersrand Basin Project. The Witwatersrand Basin Project (WBP) comprises two historic mining centres on the Northern Edge of the Witwatersrand Basin in the Central Rand Goldfield immediately southwest of the city of Johannesburg. Mining …

The Witwatersrand Gold Field

THE WITWATERSRAND GOLD FIELD PETER SCOTT O N THE eve of sterling devaluation in I949, the Witwatersrand gold-mining industry, which in I948 furnished 97 per cent of the gold output of South Africa and nearly 48 per cent of the estimated world output, was …

Mining seismicity in the Witwatersrand Basin: monitoring ...

The impact of gold mining on the Witwatersrand on the ...

Largest Gold Deposits in the World – Witwatersrand Gold ...

2016-11-14 · The gold fields of the Witwatersrand Basin in South Africa are, by a landslide, the largest single gold producing district in the world. It has produced some 2 billion ounces over a century of mining and at an average grade of 15 g/t Au with a …

West Wits Mining Limited restates gold resource following ...

2021-7-26 · West Wits managing director Jac van Heerden mentioned: "The granting of the mining proper was the final main hurdle for improvement of the Witwatersrand Basin Undertaking. "The restated Mineral Useful resource of three.55Moz @ 4.26g/t is sizeable and offers the useful resource base to maintain an extended life mine to underpin the expansion ...

Algal ecology of a stream polluted through gold mining on ...

 · Algal populations of a High Veld stream are examined against the background of mineral and acid pollution derived from sand-dumps and slimes-dams consequent on the gold-mining industry of the Witwatersrand. A rich flora of filamentous Conjugales, desmids and diatoms is found in the originating springs of the Witwatersrand Quartzites.